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HOW FLOWERING PLANTS REPRODUCE

 

 

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All flowering plants have both male and female reproductive organs.

So how do they reproduce themselves?

To answer this, let us have a look at how a flower is made up.


A flower has a ring of leaf like sections round the base.

These are called SEPALS.

Inside the SEPALS are the PETALS.

The PETALS can be a variety of shapes and colours.

 
 

The PETALS form the COROLLA.

The SEPALS form the CALYX.

 
 

THE STAMEN

Inside the COROLLA are slender stalks.

These are called FILAMENTS.

At the end of the FILAMENT is the ANTHER.

The ANTHER and the FILAMENT together form the STAMEN.

The STAMEN is the MALE reproductive ORGAN.

Pollen grains are found on the ANTHER.


THE CARPEL

At the centre of the COROLLA is the CARPEL.

This is the FEMALE reproductive ORGAN. It is made up of the:

STIGMA
STYLE
OVARY
.


The pollen from the male part, the STAMEN, is needed to fertilise the female part, the CARPEL.